Current discoveries on the fields of Neurology, Neurophysiology and Neuroscience are causing important changes on the way we conceive the operation of the brain and its relationship with the information that makes us individuals with unique and unrepeatable characteristics throughout history.
Although there are many lines of work on these fields, we are fundamentally interested in those taking into account how the brain acquires information from the exterior through sensorial organs and transmitted by the nervous system, how it is processed and compared with other information on the basis of neuronal construction maps of knowledge, how it stores and retrieves information from the memory at a short to mid-term and produces an externally observable conduct that determines changes in the environment, which continue to give feedback into the mental processing of information in each person.
Nervous cells are essentially signalization devices that transmit messages with information from one end of the nervous cells to the other through electric impulses, thus the principle of information theory of Shannon (1948) can be applied in order to measure and work with the amounts of information processed in the human brain.
Moreover, it is essential to take into account other neurocognitive factors from the individual, such as past experiences and expectations, which will provide us with a very accurate measure as to what extent does a new datum can make us change our ideas about the world and transform it. We can measure this mathematically through Thomas Bayes’ theorem and other recent and related theories.
All these discoveries and theories can be applied in a scientific and rigorous way to the Information and Documentation Sciences to the extent that we consider they orientated towards the activities of selection – processing – storing – retrieval –dissemination of the information stored in documents – regardless of their format – so that their individual use could cause changes of social magnitude.
Neuroinformation is the scientific discipline that applies cognitive processes to the documental activities that are developed in the Information and Documentation Sciences. The work of professionals from different countries who integrate the Research Center on Neuroinformation, established by the end of 2010 by the Documentation Sciences Foundation, is centered on this discipline.
The Research Center also works in collaboration with other national and international organizations, which pursue similar or compatible objectives.